Dating a rock
This failure leaves the method vulnerable to circularity.” (Stanley, Steven M., Warron O.
Addicott, and Kiyotaka Chinzei, “Lyellian Curves in Paleontology: Possibilities and Limitations,”, vol. 422.) “Often, the layers of rock can be dated by the types of fossils they contain….
This time interval was from 542-520 million years ago.
This approach avoids the circularity associated with using fossils to correlate rocks, and then using those correlations to infer biological patterns…” (“Cambrian Explosion: New Timeline for Appearances of Skeletal Animals in Fossil Record,” , Nov.
There are various justifications for this assumption but for almost all contemporary paleontologists it rests upon the acceptance of the evolutionary hypothesis.” (Kitts, David B., “Paleontology and Evolutionary Theory,” vol. 466.) “The intelligent layman has long suspected circular reasoning in the use of rocks to date fossils and fossils to date rocks.The geologist has never bothered to think of a good reply, feeling that explanations are not worth the trouble as long as the work brings results.This is supposed to be hard-headed pragmatism.” (O’Rourke, J.Since these processes occur to an extent in virtually all sedimentary systems, stratigraphic disorder at some scale is probably a common feature of the fossil record.” (Cutler, Alan H., and Karl W.Plessa, “Fossils out of Sequence: Computer Simulations and Strategies for Dealing with Stratigraphic Disorder,” vol. 227.) “Contrary to what most scientists write, the fossil record does not support the Darwinian theory of evolution because it is this theory (there are several) which we use to interpret the fossil record.